WWSWd Website Features
- The WWSWd
staff has made a commitment to make this website accessible and a model for
other Scouting sites to review. Web accessibility does not have solid
standards but rather a continuously developing set of guidelines. While we
make every attempt to have this site available to all, we know that it is
almost an impossibility. We are unable to assure that right now, every user,
using every web browser, will have complete access to all information, on
every web page. Accessibility of the World Wide Web is continually evolving.
Listed below are some of the guidelines and design strategies we have used as
well as features that you will encounter on the site.
We would greatly appreciate any suggestions or comments that would help us
make this site efficient and easy to use for everyone. Please send your
suggestions to the
Webmaster Hopefully you can assist us in making WWSWd
accessible to all!
- Maintains a standard page layout throughout our site, enabling all users
to navigate more easily;
- Designed for device-independence;
- Does not use frames;
- Ensures that documents are clear and simple;
- Organizes content logically and clearly;
- When applicable, includes textual links within web pages (e.g. next page,
- Uses a standard set of navigational text;
- Provides a text-only version of all pages;
- Provides alternate text (ALT-Text) and/or image tags for all images,
pictures, and graphical bullets. These tags are visible if the browser
supports the alt-text function;
- Provides for alternate versions of forms;
- Provides text equivalents for all non-text elements (i.e., images,
animations, audio, video);
- Provides summaries of graphs and charts;
- Doesn't rely on color alone and ensures that all information conveyed with
color is also available without color;
- Provides alternative content for features (e.g., applets or plug-ins) that
may not be supported;
- Hypertext links are descriptive;
- Forms are accessible by downloaded then mailed or e-mailed;
- Avoids default text entry, and clarifying where text entry fields occur
and which information is being requested;
- Avoids background patterns;
- Background color contrasts well with the lettering to maintain
- Outlines are included at the beginning of documents. Outlines identify the
relevant features of a document, such as a general description of its
structure, function, or content;
- Avoids the use of non-standard HTML formats;
- Avoids special tags;
- Provides for a description for all abbreviations and acronyms.
Website Development Guidelines
What Does Your HTML Look
Like Without Graphics?
- Many people who are blind use voice synthesizers with nongraphical browsers
such as "Lynx," as do many sighted people who have older computers or who want
more speed. This page from Salt Lake Community College is designed to help HTML
programmers get an idea of how such browsers would see their page. Just type in
your URL and click.
Accessibility Self-Evaluation Test (Public Service Commission of Canada)
- A very good series of questions to help web designers evaluate their pages
Government of Canada -
- Depending on how you rated on the self-evaluation, you may want to visit
one of the better, easy to read, easy to understand Internet Guides on the Web.
Well worth the time to review.
Web Style Guide:
Basic Design Principles for Creating Web Sites
- From Yale University, authored by Patrick J. Lynch and Sarah Horton. This
book grew out of the widely used and highly praised Web site on site design
created by the Center for Advanced Instructional Media at Yale University. At
this site, readers will continue to find updated color illustrations and
examples to complement and demonstrate points made in the book, as well as
useful and current online references.
World Wide Web Consortium
W3C Web Accessibility Initiative
- The W3C's commitment to lead the Web to its full potential includes
promoting a high degree of usability for people with disabilities. The Web
Accessibility Initiative (WAI), in coordination with organizations around the
world, is pursuing accessibility of the Web through five primary areas of work:
technology, guidelines, tools, education & outreach, and research &
W3C Web Content Guidelines Working Group
- The goal of this group is to produce the Web
Accessibility Initiative markup guidelines.
Web Accessibility Sites of Interest
- While there are literally hundreds of sites on accessibility, we have found
the following to be very useful. Many of them have links to even additional
sites if you are interested.
- Adobe Acrobat (PDF) files were not accessible to people who use voice
output until Adobe created PDF to e-mail and HTML workarounds. Visit this site
to access Adobe PDF documents.
- Apple is deeply committed to helping persons with special needs attain an
unparalleled level of independence through a personal computer. This site has a
list of freeware and shareware that can be downloaded for use by those with
IBM Special Needs Systems:
- IBM has a long history of helping improve the employability, education, and
quality of life for people who have disabilities.
Microsoft Accessibility Home Page:
- Microsoft's Accessibility and Disabilities site provides information and
tools that can help you remove barriers and make the world more accessible.
Disabilities: Accessibility for Developers and Authors
- This site explains the need for accessible design, with separate pages
geared for application designers, developers, and testers; user education; web
site designers and HTML authors; hardware designers; and accessibility aid
Sun Microsystems' Enabling Technologies Program:
- Driven by the belief that designing to meet the needs of users with
disabilities can improve the productivity of ALL users.
Aware Center - HTML Writers Guild
- Homepage of the HTML Writers Guild's AWARE Center. AWARE stands for
Accessible Web Authoring Resources and Education, and it's mission is to serve
as a central resource for web authors for learning about web accessibility. The
AWARE Center was launched in April 1999 as part of the HTML Writers Guild's
annual Web Accessibility Month, a special focus on the importance of designing
for universal accessibility. The Center is supported by the Guild's staff and
volunteers, and is designed as a resource for all web authors.
- Bobby is a web-based public service offered by the Center for Applied
Special Technology (CAST) that analyzes web pages for their accessibility to
people with disabilities as well as their compatibility with various browsers.
The analysis of accessibility is based on the working draft of the W3C's WAI
Page Author guidelines with the Page Authoring Working Group's latest
General Services Administration
Center for Information Technology Accommodation
- Established in 1984, the Center for Information Technology Accommodation (CITA)
is a nationally recognized model demonstration facility influencing accessible
information environments, services, and management practices. To achieve this
works with an expanding network of public and private sector partners.This
server is a clearinghouse of information on making Information Systems
accessible to all users.
Internets World Fair
- disAbility pavilion:
- This pavilion is assembled by a consortium of people and organizations,
including (in alphabetical order): CPB/WGBH National Center on Accessible
Media; Trace R&D Center - University of Wisconsin, Madison; WebAble; and
Corporate Sponsors: Teradyne and AT & T.
This pavilion is designed to provide visitors with:
- a glimpse of what having a disability is like.
- an overview of some of the tools and techniques that
people with disabilities use in daily life.
- how the world can be designed so that it's easier for
people experiencing disabilities to use it.
- how these designs benefit all of us, whether we are
currently experiencing a disability or not.
- what you can do to contribute.
- where to find more information.
National Center for Supercomputing
Applications (NCSA) Mosaic Access Page
- Describes some of the major barriers people with disabilities encounter
using the Internet and how they can be addressed. This page is not being update
right now, but the information contained is extremely informative.
National Institute on
Disability and Rehabilitation Research
- InfoUse Project. An ongoing project about disability information use by
collecting information site links, research papers, studies, and more.
Starling Access Services
- This web site offers a detailed look at disability-related Web design
issues. It also provides a good definition of accessible web design.
The Adaptive Technology
Resource Centre at the University of Toronto
Trace R and D
Center, University of Wisconsin - Madison
- Unified Web Site Accessibility Guidelines. Also available at the Trace site
Designing a More Usable World
Publications & Media Catalog
Universal/Accessible Web Sites
UCLA - Specific Barriers to
- A great summary on how specific types of disabilities and their technical
accommodations can raise barriers to web accessibility. Suggestions are made on
how to respond to the barriers presented.
UCLA - Web Style
- This site addresses the UCLA style guidelines.
States Post Office - WINGS Project
- The United States Postal Service WINGS project and the TRACE Research and
Development Center are working toward creating information sources on the World
Wide Web that are more easily accessible by everyone. This includes people with
text-based browsers, people with slow (modem) connections, people without
Audio/Visual capabilities, people with helper applications missing, and people
with disabilities. From this page, you can access resource documents and
guidelines, as well as examples of problems that have been encountered and
solution strategies that are recommended or which are being explored.
University of Washington DO-IT
- Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology (DO-IT) is:
- People with disabilities successfully pursuing academics
- Programs to promote the use of technology to maximize the
independence, productivity and participation of people with disabilities.
- Recipient of the National Information Infrastructure
Award; Education and the President's Award of Excellence in Mentoring and
showcased at The President's summit on Volunteerism.
- People helping people achieve success.
- Resources for you!
West Virginia Training & Research Center
- A national center conducting research and training to assist persons with
disabilities into employment, the community, and independence through
Could Helen Keller Read Your
- This page from "All Things Webs" describes a wide variety of useful tricks
that web designers can use to make their pages accessible to everyone.
Is Your Site ADA-Compliant ...
or a Lawsuit-in-Waiting?
- This article from The Internet Lawyer discusses the legal
implications of inaccessible web sites under the Americans with Disabilities